President Klaus Iohannis hosted a press conference on October 15th, after having discussed with all parties which are members of the Parliament. Iohannis proposed PNL leader Ludovic Orban for the position of Prime-Minister. Ludovic Orban already stated that PNL will have discussions with all political parties to gain their support for his future Government when it will come in the Parliament.
According to Ludovic Orban, the PNL Government will have the following priorities: restoring the macroeconomic balances and correcting the policies that harmed the business environment; restructuring the governing apparatus focusing on administrative simplification and digitalization, prioritizing the investments in infrastructure, health and education, ensuring an independent rule of law and consolidating Romania’s European course.
Different sources claim that PNL will propose the reduction of the number of ministries to 15 Ministries, with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs containing the Ministry for European Affairs and the Ministry for the Relationship with Romanian’s Living Abroad. Furthermore, the Ministry of Transports will incorporate the Ministry for Communications and will form the Ministry of Infrastructure. The Ministry of Education will contain the Ministry for Research and Innovation while the Ministry of Environment will contain the Ministry of Waters and Forests.
The situation gets complicated as political parties have different expectations for the future Government. With Viorica Dăncilă claiming that she will not vote for the new Government as the opposition should prove again that is holds a parliamentarian majority, all opposition parties must come together to support the President’s proposition. USR stands firm by his position in favor of organizing snap elections as early as possible and will support a Government willing to organize snap elections after the Presidential Elections of 2019. Victor Ponta, Pro-Romania leader, claimed that PNL will form a Government and did not ask for Pro-Romania’s support in this regard. It is unclear weather Pro-Romania will vote for such a Government, depending on future negotiations. UDMR’s leader Kelemen Hunor came out of the consultations stating that a decision will be made after the PM is proposed and UDMR will discuss with it about its future plans. A similar position is also adopted by PMP with Eugen Tomac stating that PMP will discuss about its priorities with the future PM. ALDE’s leader, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu claimed that ALDE will not vote in favor of a Government if PMP is part of it. Varujan Pambuccian, the leader of the minorities’ group stated that they will support a PNL Government.
In this political climate, it is of utmost importance that the proposed PM will form a cabinet accepted by all opposition parties in order to pass the Parliament’s vote. Procedurally speaking, Ludovic Orban has 10 days to come up with a list of Ministers and a Governing Program. Within these 10 days the new Government will present the Governing program in front of the reunited Chambers of the Parliament and parliamentarians should vote on these proposals. For the Government to be invested, Orban needs to achieve at least 50%+1 favorable votes out of the total number of parliamentarians.
Ioana Ene, Issue Monitoring